WEBVTT 00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:20.000 music 00:00:20.000 --> 00:00:29.000 I think those who have really should be giving to those who have not. I'm talking about on an international scale as well as within the United States. 00:00:29.000 --> 00:00:36.000 music 00:00:36.000 --> 00:00:43.000 A lot of my life has been a series of accidents I think. I was in the Navy for a while in World War 2. 00:00:43.000 --> 00:00:52.000 And when I was discharged I had no plans on what to do so I went to work at my father's sawmill pulling green chains from people around the world. 00:00:52.000 --> 00:00:56.000 If you don't know what that means, it was pretty hard and heavy work in August. 00:00:56.000 --> 00:00:64.000 I spent a month doing that and started thinking about there must be something better than this to do for the rest of my life. 00:01:04.000 --> 00:01:09.000 Looked into Southern Oregon College of Education as it was called at that time. 00:01:09.000 --> 00:01:13.000 It was only about 3 or 4 blocks from where I lived in Ashland. 00:01:13.000 --> 00:01:21.000 I was taking a course in general psychology and we studied measurement and statistics that sort of thing. 00:01:21.000 --> 00:01:29.000 I gave my father all the tests that I could that didn't require equipment, wrote my 1 page report, turned it in, and the professor 00:01:29.000 --> 00:01:40.000 who was running the Veteran's Testing Bureau talked me into quitting a 95 cent an hour job I had cutting meat in the local butcher shop, going to work for him for 50 cents an hour 00:01:40.000 --> 00:01:45.000 and I was pretty convinced psychology must be a pretty strong thing to study. 00:01:45.000 --> 00:01:50.000 music 00:01:50.000 --> 00:01:57.000 At that time we were expected to teach 5 three hour classes a quarter. 00:01:57.000 --> 00:01:66.000 Not having done that before or had any lesson plans worked out for these classes I was teaching, it was quite a job. 00:02:06.000 --> 00:02:10.000 Then I got more involved with teaching the things I wanted to teach. 00:02:10.000 --> 00:02:21.000 I taught intelligence testing. I directed the reading clinic. I was involved in teaching a course when we started the masters degree here 00:02:21.000 --> 00:02:31.000 in research methods and education, something like that, that every masters degree student took. That was very interesting. 00:02:31.000 --> 00:02:42.000 Dr. Brody was assigned to be my mentor by the administration when I came to OCE as a young assistant professor. 00:02:42.000 --> 00:02:51.000 He was very influential in many was in terms of my later career not just while I was here. 00:02:51.000 --> 00:02:62.000 I shared an office with him and one of the things he was doing was going to the migrant farm workers camps on the weekends. 00:03:02.000 --> 00:03:11.000 That made quite an impression on me and I became interested in diversity through the experience with him. 00:03:11.000 --> 00:03:17.000 music 00:03:17.000 --> 00:03:24.000 My wife and I, my wife was Dr. Ana Munoz-Sandoval, wanted to honor him in some way. 00:03:24.000 --> 00:03:35.000 So we talked to people here at OCE and we eventually came up with this plan for a memorial scholarship. 00:03:35.000 --> 00:03:44.000 We called it David S. Brody Memorial Scholarships and there have been I believe 18 scholarships now that people have received. 00:03:44.000 --> 00:03:50.000 These scholarships cover the costs of tuition, fees, books and living expenses. 00:03:50.000 --> 00:03:57.000 Two things that should be mentioned here. One is that the training that they receive here at Western Oregon 00:03:57.000 --> 00:03:68.000 allows them to immediately become employed in whatever it is they study. They are not all in education by any means. 00:04:08.000 --> 00:04:13.000 music 00:04:13.000 --> 00:04:24.000 I had 4 children and they were a captive audience. It was either help or maybe not eat. I don't know what the sticks were that we held out. 00:04:24.000 --> 00:04:29.000 They were always the first subjects to try any new test items. 00:04:29.000 --> 00:04:37.000 After I left Oregon College of Education I went to Greeley at the College of Education there and I was there for 2 years. 00:04:37.000 --> 00:04:42.000 I went from there to Peabody College at Vanderbilt. 00:04:42.000 --> 00:04:48.000 From there I became an editor of a test publishing company up in Minnesota called the American Guidance Service. 00:04:48.000 --> 00:04:58.000 After I worked there for I while, I saw the opportunity to do some advanced post-bachelor work at Tufts Medical School in Boston. 00:04:58.000 --> 00:04:68.000 During the course of my year there, I felt very dissatisfied with the tests that were being used in neuro-psychology 00:05:08.000 --> 00:05:13.000 and I thought there ought to be a better set of tests available. 00:05:13.000 --> 00:05:19.000 So I spent a lot of that year thinking that through and coming up with a set of tests. 00:05:19.000 --> 00:05:28.000 There'd never been a combined battery of intelligence or cognative ability tests and achievement tests all together in the same package 00:05:28.000 --> 00:05:38.000 or a set of tests that were supposed to use the same books and materials all the way from preschool to geriatic population. It was a big success. 00:05:38.000 --> 00:05:44.000 music 00:05:44.000 --> 00:05:54.000 After the first Woodcock Johnson was published, which of course was all in English and it was published in 1977, 00:05:54.000 --> 00:05:61.000 we became interested in publishing a Spanish alternative to the Woodcock Johnson. 00:06:01.000 --> 00:06:10.000 In talking to various people who worked in this field, Jim Cummins name kept coming up as a very important bilingual educator. 00:06:10.000 --> 00:06:21.000 He's in Toronto so we made contact with or I did and went to see him and he worked with us, giving us advice 00:06:21.000 --> 00:06:28.000 and eventually was even coauthor of some of the bilingual verbal ability tests that we developed. 00:06:28.000 --> 00:06:36.000 I'm convinced, and Jim Cummins had a lot to do with this, that bilingual education programs are very important 00:06:36.000 --> 00:06:49.000 because students need to develop knowledge about things, concepts, and then can transfer that vocabulary into English 00:06:49.000 --> 00:06:56.000 and go from there with it and not be in an English only situation which I think is very harmful. 00:06:56.000 --> 00:06:65.000 My understanding is that people who are placed in that role have a great deal of difficulty of advancing very far. 00:07:05.000 --> 00:07:11.000 music 00:07:11.000 --> 00:07:17.000 Take a course or 2 in engineering. Or take a course or 2 in dance or whatever. 00:07:17.000 --> 00:07:28.000 But broaden so that you have a wide repertoire of experiences to drop on to help you think about a problem. 00:07:28.000 --> 00:07:40.000 People that are going to be the most effective in research are going to be people who have exposure and training in a number of areas not just in education. 00:07:40.000 --> 00:07:45.000 music 00:07:45.000 --> 00:07:57.000 My first impression continued through until my last impression as I was really amazed at the functionality and the beauty and the size of the building. 00:07:57.000 --> 00:07:68.000 I had seen plans of course on paper and I had watched the construction via the camcorder you have up on the I guess it's the library building. 00:08:08.000 --> 00:08:17.000 But I had no idea what it was going to be like when I came here and saw it in person. It's amazing. 00:08:17.000 --> 00:08:25.000 music