WEBVTT 00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:05.000 Music 00:00:05.000 --> 00:00:16.000 Welcome to Western Oregon University's inaugural tree campus arbor day event I would like to begin by making some introductions of folks who have been involved in putting this event together 00:00:16.000 --> 00:00:21.000 I'll start with members of Western Oregon University's Arboreal Advisory Committee 00:00:21.000 --> 00:00:48.000 including Paul Phinky, Kevin Hughes, Ron Kooper, Ava Howard, Mary Pettenger, Michael Calhoun; who is also going to be making the presentations this afternoon 00:00:48.000 --> 00:00:53.000 And then is Austin here? Austin Garrett? Austin, please join us. 00:00:55.000 --> 00:00:66.000 We also have some additional student presenters this afternoon who are going to be talking about, various fun and interesting facts about the trees with Michael. And they include 00:01:06.000 --> 00:01:19.000 Jacob Howard, Alexander Keenan, Joseph Reader, and Adam Jensen 00:01:20.000 --> 00:01:23.000 Music 00:01:23.000 --> 00:01:32.000 Behind me is a tree that was dedicated to Christa Mcauliffe in 1986. She was one of the six astronauts that died in the challenger explosion 00:01:32.000 --> 00:01:40.000 She was part of a program that was supposed to be the first citizen-teachers to enter space, and out of eleven thousand applicants including my dad. 00:01:40.000 --> 00:01:55.000 Though they were supposed to launch and what was supposed to happen was she would broadcast her educational videos to PBS. And a lot of students, over two million, were planning on having that part of their curriculum 00:01:55.000 --> 00:01:64.000 But unfortunately a lot of them were watching when the challenger exploded, Oregon being an education school dedicated this tree in 1986 00:02:04.000 --> 00:02:19.000 inspire future educators, that felt some of the things she was going to go for; sort of challenging to reach for the horizon don't let things, obstacles stop you. 00:02:20.000 --> 00:02:25.000 So, that's about all the history, social history for this tree here; I'll turn it over to the next student. 00:02:26.000 --> 00:02:35.000 This prunus serrulata is a member of the rosaceae family. It originates originally from China, Japan, Korea, that part of the world there. 00:02:36.000 --> 00:02:49.000 This particular tree will grow in between 18 and 12 meters tall, which is roughly 26 to 40 feet. Ornamental cherries such as this one normally live up to 15 or 20 years. 00:02:49.000 --> 00:02:63.000 With proper care they can live far longer than that as we see in the cherry trees that are growing in Washington D.C. One of the main reasons we pick quantum cherries is in landscaping, is that it's flowers. 00:03:03.000 --> 00:03:14.000 It's flowers produce clusters of 2-5, that are the nodes they are white to pink with 5 petals. And especially in the Quantum Cherry, these flowers just are double. 00:03:14.000 --> 00:03:23.000 The leaves are arranged alternately, simple ovate landslay. The structure of the plant is small deciduous tree. The short trunk and the dense crown. 00:03:23.000 --> 00:03:35.000 This species, especially the Kanzan, has different types of Japanese cherries. The Kanzan here is especially used for its flowers, again, its one of the hardest blooming it's very strong. 00:03:36.000 --> 00:03:50.000 Some reason cherry trees are used for, uh, landscaping, sometimes used to attract birds and natural wildlife. This cherry doesn't produce nearly as much fruit to attract wildlife. So the show is the tree, not what it attracts in this case. 00:03:50.000 --> 00:03:55.000 Kanzan cherries grow in acidic alkaline loam sand, 00:03:55.000 --> 00:03:60.000 Sandy soils, well drained, wet clay soils. 00:04:00.000 --> 00:04:05.000 Well it prefers moist conditions, this tree is somewhat drought intolerant. 00:04:05.000 --> 00:04:12.000 So other species in the genus prunis, which is also known as the stone root family, 00:04:12.000 --> 00:04:28.000 there are 19 different geneses within that family, not including rosa, as you see over there, the roses. And, uh, gregaria, I believe I'm saying that right. 00:04:28.000 --> 00:04:35.000 And that is including strawberries. So we go from strawberries to rose plants to cherry trees; which is a very fun family and I enjoy it. 00:04:35.000 --> 00:04:41.000 I'm really happy to have this tree on campus and it really does bloom very beautifully if you get the chance to see it, I recommend you coming to see it. 00:04:41.000 --> 00:04:48.000 Music. 00:04:48.000 --> 00:04:53.000 Behind me is the parent tree. It was dedicated in 1990. 00:04:53.000 --> 00:04:60.000 Unfortunately looking through the archives there wasn't a lot of history to it. It was chosen by the commencement committee of 1990, 00:05:00.000 --> 00:05:08.000 and they couldn't decide what single person they wanted to dedicate it to, so they decided to dedicate it to the parents of all Western students. 00:05:08.000 --> 00:05:18.000 Now, what I did find funny looking through the notes, uh, when they were planting the tree specifically said they don't want the memorial to look like a tombstone. 00:05:18.000 --> 00:05:26.000 And, ugh, I think that is something that is challenging not only to Western but to other institutions when you want to memorialize something, 00:05:26.000 --> 00:05:35.000 how do you make it look like someone's not actually buried there? So, that is a brief summary of the parents' tree and then I'll hand it off to the next student. 00:05:35.000 --> 00:05:40.000 Hello, I'm Alexander Heenan and I will be presenting this Calizer Tree. 00:05:40.000 --> 00:05:46.000 That is the common name of course, the scientific name for this tree is "Scientific Latin Name". 00:05:46.000 --> 00:05:51.000 The family is "another scientific Latin name". 00:05:51.000 --> 00:05:54.000 And it's native to China and Japan. 00:05:54.000 --> 00:05:62.000 It gets to be 40 to 60 feet tall, but has been seen to grow to 100 feet in, uh, wild populations. 00:06:02.000 --> 00:06:10.000 The flowers it produces are small green pods. It doesn't look as though there are any on it now, 00:06:10.000 --> 00:06:17.000 and, uh, it's foliage as you can see are rounded leaves to folded heart-shaped leaves. 00:06:17.000 --> 00:06:28.000 They start out as red buds in the spring, but then they come as different shades of green to some have described it as blue, and turn various shades of orange and yellow in the fall. 00:06:28.000 --> 00:06:35.000 The leaves are deciduous, and when they fall they put off sort of a caramel scent. 00:06:35.000 --> 00:06:49.000 The tree is pyramidal to oval shaped when mature. Other species in this genus are "another scientific Latin name". 00:06:49.000 --> 00:06:56.000 As for the family the family is monotypic meaning there is only one other species in the family which is that one. 00:06:56.000 --> 00:06:69.000 It has no poisonous or edible properties. And uh, though the population in China is endangered, the population in Japan is at lower risk. 00:07:09.000 --> 00:07:17.000 It doesn't tolerate drought well, and it's not so good in high heat. But those are not two things we have to worry about too much in Oregon. 00:07:17.000 --> 00:07:23.000 Music. 00:07:23.000 --> 00:07:38.000 This is the Montana Walking Bull tree. It was dedicated to Dr. Montana Hopkins Rickards Walking Bull, a former professor at Western Oregon who taught for over fifteen years. She passed away in 1988. 00:07:38.000 --> 00:07:46.000 Walking Bull was a member of the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma, and was a nationally recognized scholar and author of Native American literature. 00:07:46.000 --> 00:07:57.000 When this was dedicated almost thirty years ago, one of her poems was read and I am going to recite it all for you now. Its called 'Wolf Bird'. 00:07:57.000 --> 00:07:66.000 Wolf head and bird tail she stands in the center of the whirling disk, she goes round and round, wolf ears listening, feathered tail swirling. 00:08:06.000 --> 00:08:17.000 Thus, she commands the animals, beasts of all decrees, size, shape, and color. But none gets near the whirling disk where Wolf Bird stands and swirls her feathered tail. 00:08:17.000 --> 00:08:24.000 At a motion the beast will move to the rhythm of the swirling feathered tail, the august fan-like bird tail. 00:08:24.000 --> 00:08:36.000 In vain you will lock and bar your doors and secure your windows, the animals will enter, the assault will come at the signal of the feathered tail. 00:08:36.000 --> 00:08:42.000 Behind me is a Sequoiadendron Giganteum Lindley Besoults. 00:08:42.000 --> 00:08:52.000 The common name for the Sequoiadendron is the Giant Sequoia, the Big Tree, Sequoia, Sierra Redwood, 00:08:52.000 --> 00:08:56.000 and in Native American it's also known as Rowona, 00:08:56.000 --> 00:08:60.000 for the Tool River tribe it is Tuspanish, 00:09:00.000 --> 00:09:04.000 and also Heyanewithic. 00:09:04.000 --> 00:09:09.000 The origin for this tree is actually in the Sierra-Nevada Mountains in central California. 00:09:09.000 --> 00:09:15.000 There are currently 75 groves scattered over 420 kilometers, which is 260 miles. 00:09:15.000 --> 00:09:26.000 Starting with right groves from the American River southward to the Kings River, and then from the Kings River, south to Deer Creek, and southern Tulare County. 00:09:26.000 --> 00:09:34.000 This tree on average gets about 50 to 80 meters tall which is about a 164 to 279 feet. 00:09:34.000 --> 00:09:45.000 With a diameter of 6 to 8 meters across, which is 20 to 26 feet. The largest Redwood so far is 311 feet, 00:09:45.000 --> 00:09:57.000 with a base diameter of 21 meters across which is 69 feet. The average lifespan of this tree is anywhere from 400 to 800 years, 00:09:57.000 --> 00:09:64.000 but the oldest one being the Demur Snag in California, which is 3500 years old. 00:10:04.000 --> 00:10:15.000 The flowers are "Latin name". It is a monoecious tree and it produces both male and female cones. 00:10:15.000 --> 00:10:22.000 With the female cones being 4 to 7 centimeters long and having 50 spirally arranged tails. 00:10:22.000 --> 00:10:32.000 The seeds are in each cone, are dark brown and about 4 to 5 millimeters long and they are winged on both sides. 00:10:32.000 --> 00:10:42.000 For foliage, it is an evergreen with an all shaped leaves about three to six millimeters long and they are arranged spirally along the chute. 00:10:42.000 --> 00:10:53.000 This species is actually used as an ornamental tree in Europe, Canada, as far south as Chile and also in Australia and New Zealand. 00:10:53.000 --> 00:10:67.000 Sequoiadendron is actually the only species, uh, in its genus to be known, but there are three other species that are in the Factordisi family, 00:11:07.000 --> 00:11:19.000 that we are known in Oregon. That are Seqouiasempravarans, Dedonemplicer, and of course we have Sequoiadendron Giganteum. 00:11:20.000 --> 00:11:25.000 There's a 135 different names for the species, only fifteen of which are accepted. 00:11:25.000 --> 00:11:38.000 The Sequoiadendron was actually named in part and derived from Sequoia, who was the inventor of the Cherokee syllabary. 00:11:38.000 --> 00:11:46.000 The Sequoiadendron also produces very thick bark, it is made specifically just for fire protection. 00:11:46.000 --> 00:11:57.000 This tree is commonly found in the Pacific Northwest, so Alaska, British Colombia, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and, California. 00:11:57.000 --> 00:11:66.000 Fun fact about this tree is the further north in altitude it goes, the lower in elevation that it can grow. so in Alaska you can see this tree growing at about 00:12:13.000 --> 00:12:19.000 And then in the Sierra-Nevada Mountains its found between 8200 and 10000 feet. 00:12:19.000 --> 00:12:25.000 This tree is really important ecologically, in, uh, watershed ecology it's really important to watersheds in the area. 00:12:25.000 --> 00:12:37.000 Its also pretty frost tolerant and so its a great tree to, see growing in the mountains where there's pretty valuable watersheds. 00:12:37.000 --> 00:12:48.000 There's a number of species in this uh, genus as well. But, there's two main in this, 00:12:48.000 --> 00:12:56.000 that are found in our flora. Sugaheterofila and Sugarmertenciana are the two that we find in Oregon. 00:12:56.000 --> 00:12:68.000 And in Mertensiana theres two, cultivars, the Elizabeth cultivar which is more spreading and the Glacier Peak which is more broad and upright. 00:13:08.000 --> 00:13:19.000 This tree right now is not very tall, but it will grow to be about 30 feet, but it can get up to about 130 feet tall, and it's a very long lived tree. 00:13:20.000 --> 00:13:25.000 I've heard rumors of up to 1400 years old, but I have not seen any published papers on that. 00:13:25.000 --> 00:13:34.000 Everything that I've seen that's been more documented is been about 800 years old. So, its probably possible that there are some that are very old trees. 00:13:34.000 --> 00:13:44.000 So, thats why its a pretty popular in gardening is because it's typically more compact foliage and it doesn't get as massive as some of the other trees that we can find in the area, 00:13:44.000 --> 00:13:53.000 and it's generally long lived and so you aren't going to be re-planting it, if you plant it, it's going to be there for a long time, longer than you. 00:13:53.000 --> 00:13:67.000 Some other reasons that people plant it is that it is a really good looking hemlock. Its a nice pine tree to add to your collection in the garden and be a great compliment to our campus. 00:14:08.000 --> 00:14:18.000 I just want to go over a few of the planting technique that we do, uh, here on campus and, uh, its very, uh, very simple, but tried and true. 00:14:18.000 --> 00:14:30.000 And with over 1500 trees we care of here on campus it's just a good start it's very valuable to any kind of tree. 00:14:30.000 --> 00:14:42.000 If you could come a little bit closer and we'll kind of go over a few of the things we have. Our golden shovel is right here, which are pretty impressive, don't you think so? Thank you. Alright, very good. 00:14:42.000 --> 00:14:58.000 A lot of times the hole is dug and we like to, to scour the sides, or score the sides a little bit in here so the roots can have an opportunity to, uh, go out. 00:14:58.000 --> 00:14:68.000 Sometimes the roots in these balls, we like to score them also to get the roots to come out as soon as possible. 00:15:08.000 --> 00:15:20.000 To get this tree moving right away. Uh, lot of times I will trim some of the lower branches off and then later on as he gets established, 00:15:20.000 --> 00:15:26.000 we will prune for shape and health of the tree. 00:15:26.000 --> 00:15:44.000 Music. 00:15:44.000 --> 00:15:53.000 Thats initially it, we do stake our trees, we make our own stakes here on campus, and we usually stake them for the prevailing winds 00:15:53.000 --> 00:15:67.000 And yeah please help yourself, come and uh, put a shovel load of, there's some more soil up here. And these stakes are usually put on the south and, uh sideways south and north probably. 00:16:07.000 --> 00:16:23.000 Stakes will stay on for probably approximately a year-year and a half. And we have, I'll have the crew come do that afterwards. This is a tree chain material, it's a very strong and stout material, 00:16:23.000 --> 00:16:35.000 adjustable, you can wrap it around the tree whatever size it is and lock it in there. And as the tree grows, you can always take it and adjust it to the growth of it. 00:16:35.000 --> 00:16:44.000 So it doesn't girdle the tree around the tree around there at all. Very, very good product, very good product. 00:16:44.000 --> 00:16:53.000 And uh, then we try, then we always water, weather we're planning in the winter time, or planting right now in the later spring. 00:16:53.000 --> 00:16:59.000 We always water your trees, just to give them that good start. 00:16:59.000 --> 00:16:69.000 Well that concludes our campus tour, i just wanted to share a little more information about our committee and what we will be doing over the next year. 00:17:09.000 --> 00:17:17.000 We are planning to launch a Western Oregon University tree campus website, in the not too distant future and encourage you to visit that site often. 00:17:17.000 --> 00:17:27.000 On behalf of the Western Oregon University Arboreal Advisory Committee I want to thank all our student presenters and you for making this celebration a success. 00:17:28.000 --> 00:17:39.000 Music.